REAP (3.2) & Development Handbook Amendment

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A six storey building in Wesbrook Place.
UBC REAP (Residential Environmental Assessment Program) is a mandatory green building rating system and land use regulation that applies in neighbourhood development areas. An update to REAP is proposed which will restructure and revise the rating system.

UBC's Development Handbook sets out land use regulations that apply in neighbourhood development areas. A consequential amendment to section 7.6 (Parking requirements for bicycles) is proposed to align the document with the proposed update to REAP.

Overview

In accordance with UBC Policy #UP12 (Land Use, Permitting and Sustainability), a proposed amendment to REAP and consequential amendments to section 7.6 Parking requirements for bicycles of the Development Handbook are being posted here for 30 days for public review and comment prior to presentation to the Board of Governors for approval in December 2020.

The Residential Environmental Assessment Program (REAP) is a holistic green building rating system uniquely designed to guide UBC neighbourhood land development. The proposed REAP update (Version 3.2) restructures the rating system and revises the credits in order to achieve the Green Building Action Plan goals & targets and align with UBC’s climate emergency and sustainability priorities. REAP 3.2 requires alignment with BC Energy Step Code and the Province’s goal that all new buildings be net-zero energy ready by 2032. 

REAP Amendment 

Development Handbook Amendment

7.6  Parking requirements for bicycles 

For any development, including new development, change of use of existing development or enlargement of existing development, on-site bicycle parking spaces must be provided and maintained in accordance with the following: 

Type of spaces: Class I bicycle parking is parking intended for the long-term use of residents or employees, and may consist of attended facilities, inside bicycle lockers, or restricted access parking. Class II bicycle parking is parking intended for the short-term use of patrons or visitors, and may consist of bicycle racks located with natural surveillance in an accessible outside location. 

Number of Spaces: bicycle parking spaces are required as follows: 

  • town housing, stacked town housing, apartment housing

Class I: 1.5 bicycle parking spaces per dwelling but not required if individual parking garages are provided
Class II: 0.5 bicycle spaces per dwelling in a convenient outdoor location

  •  convenience retail stores, personal service shops, restaurants, specialty food services Class II: 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, but in no case fewer than 4 bicycle parking spaces per establishment (at a convenient location)

Where calculation of the total number of spaces yields a fractional number, the required number of spaces must be the next highest whole number. 
Design and Standards: Each required on-site bicycle parking space must conform to the following provisions: 

  • bicycle parking spaces must be a minimum of 0.6 m in width and a minimum of 1.8 m in length, must have a vertical clearance of at least 1.9 m, and must be situated on a hard surface;
  • aisles between parked bicycles should be a minimum 1.2 m in width;
  • bicycle racks must be located in a convenient, well-lit location that is easily located by visitors and subject to visual surveillance by occupants of the building served by the rack; and
  • bicycle racks must be Model UB100-USX in a hot-dipped galvanized finish or stainless steel finish; constructed of theft-resistant material; be securely anchored to the floor or ground; support the bicycle frame above the centre of gravity; and enable the bicycle frame and front wheel to be locked with a U-style lock that is CSA compliant.

7.6 Parking requirements for bicycles

For any development, including new development, change of use of existing development or enlargement of existing development, on-site bicycle parking spaces must be provided and maintained in accordance with the following:

Types of Bicycle Parking Spaces

Class I bicycle parking, or Long Term bicycle parking, is parking intended for residents and is typically located inside buildings and may consist of inside bicycle lockers, or restricted access bicycle storage rooms.

Class II bicycle parking, or short term parking, is parking intended for residents or visitors for shorter durations, and consists of bicycle racks located with natural surveillance in an accessible outside location.

Number of Spaces

For town housing, stacked town housing, apartment housing:

  • Class I: 1.5 spaces per studio or one bedroom unit; 2.5 spaces per 2 bedroom unit; and 3 spaces per 3 or 4 bedroom units.
  • Class II: 0.5 bicycle spaces per dwelling.
  • AND Provide a 2 m x 3 m concrete pad outside the building, close to the building entrance, with a standard outlet or conduit for electrified bicycleshare.

For convenience retail stores, offices, personal service shops, restaurants, specialty food services:

  • Class 1: Minimum 1 space for every 340 m2.
  • Class II: 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, but in no case fewer than 4 bicycle parking spaces per establishment

Where calculation of the total number of spaces yields a fractional number, the required number of spaces must be the next highest whole number.

Class I Space Design

Each required on-site Class I bicycle parking space must conform to the following provisions:

  • Floor mounted racks must be Model UB100-USX in a hot-dipped galvanized finish or stainless steel finish; constructed of theft-resistant material;
  • For floor mounted Model UB100-USX bicycle racks, bicycle racks are to be installed at a minimum of 815 mm on centers and a maximum of 915 mm on centers (to fit the space). For all other bicycle racks, floor mounted racks must be installed to provide at least a 0.6 m wide and 1.8 m long space for bikes and vertical racks must be installed to provide at least 0.6m wide, 1m long and 1.9m high space for bicycles;
  • Installed on a hard surface;
  • Spaces may allow vertical bicycle storage racks that enable u-locking to bicycle frame at two points of contact;
  • Spaces may include vertically stacked spaces (two-tier racks) with pneumatic workings that enable u-locking to bicycle frame at two points of contact;
  • 10% of spaces must be oversized with a minimum of 0.9 m in width and a minimum of 2.5 m in length and must be floor mounted (neither vertical nor stacked);
  • 40% of spaces must be floor mounted (neither vertical nor stacked), plus the 10% requirement for oversized spaces (i.e. 50% of spaces to be floor mounted);
  • Provide one electrical outlet for every two spaces, adjacent to the spaces;
  • Class 1 bicycle storage space must be in addition to each unit’s storage locker space;
  • All racks must be securely anchored with at least one anti-theft nut per leg of the rack; support the bicycle frame above the centre of gravity; and enable the bicycle frame and front wheel to be locked with a U-lock that is CSA compliant.

Class II Space Design

Each required on-site class II bicycle parking space must conform to the following provisions:

  • Bicycle racks must be Model UB100-USX in a hot-dipped galvanized or stainless steel finish, constructed of theft-resistant material;
  • Install bicycle racks a min. of 815 mm and max of 915 mm apart on centres, with a vertical clearance of at least 1.9 m, and mounted on a hard surface (concrete) with one anti-theft nut per leg of the rack;
  • Aisles between bicycle racks should be a minimum 1.2 m in width; and
  • Bicycle racks must be located in a convenient, well-lit location that is easily located by visitors and subject to visual surveillance by occupants of the building served by the rack.

Class I Bicycle Storage Location and Access

Secure bicycle parking required on site must conform to the following provisions:

  • Must be no lower than the first complete parking level below grade, except that a location more than one level below grade may be permitted where an elevator designed to accommodate the loading and unloading of at least two bicycles is provided and offers direct, convenient ground level access to the outside;
  • There must not be stairs along the access route to the secure bicycle storage;
  • All doors along access route to the bike storage must be 1 m minimum wide and have automatic openers for ingress and egress; and
  • Must have a dedicated route into parking garage, i.e. separated from traffic.

Class I Bicycle Storage Design and Security

The following provisions are required for secure bicycle storage in the form of a room. If bicycle lockers are the preferred option to provide Class I bicycle parking, the lockers must exhibit comparable security measures as those identified below.

Bicycle storage rooms on site must conform to the following provisions:

  • Doors must be hinged on the inside unless hinges are tamper-proof;
  • Both door and door frame must be made of steel;
  • Door to the bicycle room shall have a security window constructed of a laminate of tempered glass and polycarbonate in a steel frame for permanent visual access;
  • The entry door shall have a lock and key or programmed entry system, and the locks shall be high-security in nature;
  • Bicycle room(s) and the access route must have tamper-proof motion-activated security lights;
  • Bicycle room(s) may be industrial (min 7 gauge) chain-link enclosures if they are reinforced with metal bars minimum 13 mm in diameter and 150 mm apart;
  • Aisles between parked bicycles should be a minimum 1.2 m in width except in front of oversized spots, where they should be a minimum 1.5 m wide; and
  • Rooms must have a minimum vertical clearance of 1.9 metres.

Class I Bicycle Storage Amenities

Bicycle storage required on site must conform to the following provisions:

  • Each building to have a bicycle repair station including tools for repairs, a bicycle stand secured to the ground or a wall, and a tire pump secured to the ground that is compatible with Presta and Schrader valves with at least 2 m by 2 m of clear space around the stand.

Submit Comments

The 30-day comment period runs from September 15 to October 15.

Please review the above documents and submit your comments via the link below:

  Comment Form

If you require assistance, please contact Paul Cloutier, Planning Assistant, Development Services at paul.cloutier@ubc.ca